Today we will solve MCQs on United Nations Organigation with detail answers
MCQ 1: When was the UNO founded?
Answer: B. 1945 Explanation: The United Nations Organization was founded on October 24, 1945, after World War II. It was created to replace the ineffective League of Nations, with the goal of promoting peace and international cooperation.
MCQ 2: Where is the headquarters of the UNO located?
A. Geneva, Switzerland
B. New York, USA
C. Paris, France
D. London, UK
Answer: B. New York, USA Explanation: The UNO’s headquarters is located in New York City, USA. Geneva, Paris, and other cities host specialized agencies of the UN, but the main headquarters is in New York.
MCQ 3: What is the main purpose of the UNO?
A. Promoting global health
B. Maintaining international peace and security
C. Advancing technological progress
D. Spreading democracy worldwide
Answer: B. Maintaining international peace and security Explanation: While the UN is involved in various activities, its main purpose is to maintain international peace and security. Other objectives include promoting human rights, fostering social and economic development, and coordinating international cooperation.
MCQ 4: Which organ of the UNO is responsible for peacekeeping missions?
A. General Assembly
B. Security Council
C. Economic and Social Council
D. International Court of Justice
Answer: B. Security Council Explanation: The Security Council is the UN organ primarily responsible for maintaining international peace and security. It can authorize peacekeeping missions, impose sanctions, and engage in diplomatic negotiations to resolve conflicts.
MCQ 5: How many member countries does the UNO have as of 2021?
Answer: B. 193 Explanation: As of 2021, the UNO has 193 member countries. It started with 51 member countries in 1945 and has grown over the years to include nearly all the world’s sovereign states.
Question 6: Who can be a member of the UN?
A. Only rich countries
B. Only countries with a big army
C. Any country that’s peaceful
D. Any sovereign country
Answer: D. Any sovereign country Simple Explanation: Any country that governs itself can be a member of the UN. It doesn’t matter if they’re rich or poor, big or small. They just need to be a real country.
Question 7: Who is the leader of the UN?
A. President of the United States
C. The Queen of England
D. No one; it’s a group effort
Answer: B. Secretary-General Simple Explanation: The leader of the UN is called the Secretary-General. This person is chosen to help run the UN and make sure everything goes smoothly.
Question 8: What does UNESCO stand for?
A. United Nations Entertainment and Sports Council
B. United Nations Economic and Social Council
C. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
D. United Nations Emergency Support Office
Answer: C. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Simple Explanation: UNESCO stands for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. It’s a part of the UN that helps with things like education and culture.
Question 9: How many official languages does the UN have?
Answer: B. 6 Simple Explanation: The UN has 6 official languages. These are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish. This makes it easier for people from different countries to understand each other.
Question 10: What is the UNICEF’s main focus?
A. Helping animals
B. Helping kids and mothers
C. Protecting the environment
D. Supporting the elderly
Answer: B. Helping kids and mothers Simple Explanation: UNICEF stands for United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. Its main job is to help kids and mothers, especially when they’re in trouble or need important things like food and medicine.
Question 11: What is the main focus of the World Health Organization (WHO)?
A. Fighting crime
B. Global health
D. Space exploration
Answer: B. Global health Simple Explanation: The World Health Organization, or WHO, is all about keeping people healthy around the world. They give advice, help countries deal with diseases, and try to make sure everyone can see a doctor when they need to.
Question 12: Which country is not a member of the UN?
Answer: C. Taiwan Simple Explanation: Taiwan isn’t a member of the UN. Even though it has its own government and land, most countries and the UN don’t see it as a separate country from China.
Question 13: What does UNHCR stand for?
A. United Nations High Council for Rights
B. United Nations Housing and Community Relief
C. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
D. United Nations Humanitarian Care and Relief
Answer: C. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Simple Explanation: UNHCR stands for United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. They help people who have to leave their home country because it’s not safe.
Question 14: Which of these is a main organ of the UN?
A. Security Council
B. Health Assembly
C. Finance Committee
D. Internet Regulation Board
Answer: A. Security Council Simple Explanation: The Security Council is one of the main parts of the UN. It helps keep peace between countries and can make big decisions like sending people to help in conflicts.
Question 15: What does the UN do on October 24th every year?
A. Celebrates Earth Day
B. Hosts a big party
C. Observes United Nations Day
D. Does nothing special
Answer: C. Observes United Nations Day Simple Explanation: October 24th is United Nations Day. It’s like the UN’s birthday. It’s a day to remember why the UN was made and all the good things it tries to do.
Question 16: Who pays for the UN’s work?
A. Only the USA
B. Member countries
C. Private donations
D. The UN prints its own money
Answer: B. Member countries Simple Explanation: All the countries that are part of the UN help to pay for it. They give money based on how rich they are, so bigger countries usually pay more.
Question 17: How often do countries vote for a new Secretary-General of the UN?
A. Every year
B. Every five years
C. Every 10 years
D. The Secretary-General serves for life
Answer: B. Every five years Simple Explanation: Countries in the UN vote for a new Secretary-General every five years. This person can be picked again but usually serves for 5 or 10 years.
Question 18: Which of these is not a goal of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals?
A. End poverty
B. Make sure everyone can read and write
C. Make one country the ruler of all
D. Protect the planet
Answer: C. Make one country the ruler of all Simple Explanation: The UN’s goals are to help everyone and protect the Earth. They don’t want one country to rule over others; they want all countries to work together.
Question 19: What is the International Court of Justice?
A. A TV show about judges
B. A school for lawyers
C. A UN court that settles arguments between countries
D. A travel agency
Answer: C. A UN court that settles arguments between countries Simple Explanation: The International Court of Justice is like a big court for countries. When countries can’t agree on something, this court can help them find a fair solution.
Question 20: Which country hosts the European headquarters of the UN?
D. United Kingdom
Answer: B. Switzerland Simple Explanation: The European headquarters of the UN is in Geneva, Switzerland. It’s like a second main office in Europe.
Question 21: What is the main goal of the UN’s World Food Programme?
A. Cooking competitions
B. Ending world hunger
C. Promoting vegan diets
D. Food delivery service
Answer: B. Ending world hunger Simple Explanation: The World Food Programme’s big goal is to make sure everyone has enough to eat. They send food to places where people are hungry, especially during emergencies like wars or natural disasters.
Question 22: How many countries were founding members of the UN?
Answer: C. 51 Simple Explanation: When the UN started in 1945, it had 51 countries as founding members. More countries have joined over the years, and now it has 193 members.
Question 23: What is UNDP?
A. United Nations Dance Program
B. United Nations Defense Pact
C. United Nations Development Programme
D. United Nations Digital Platform
Answer: C. United Nations Development Programme Simple Explanation: UNDP stands for United Nations Development Programme. They work on making countries better places to live by helping with things like education, health, and jobs.
Question 24: What does the UN’s FAO do?
A. Fight Aliens Organization
B. Food and Agriculture Organization
C. Fashion and Art Office
D. Finance and Accounting Office
Answer: B. Food and Agriculture Organization Simple Explanation: FAO stands for Food and Agriculture Organization. They help countries grow enough food and teach people how to farm better.
Question 25: Where do countries meet for the UN General Assembly?
B. In Geneva, Switzerland
C. In New York, USA
D. They don’t meet; they send emails
Answer: C. In New York, USA Simple Explanation: Countries meet in New York, USA, for the UN General Assembly. This is like a big meeting where countries talk about important things and make decisions.
Question 26: What is the UN’s role in global warming?
A. It denies it exists
B. It educates people and promotes solutions
C. It sells air conditioners
D. It doesn’t do anything about it
Answer: B. It educates people and promotes solutions Simple Explanation: The UN talks a lot about global warming because it’s a big problem. They help countries work together to fight it and try to educate people about how to take better care of the Earth.
Question 27: How many permanent members does the UN Security Council have?
Answer: A. 5 Simple Explanation: There are 5 countries that are always part of the UN Security Council: the United States, Russia, China, United Kingdom, and France. They have a special power to say yes or no to big decisions and it is called veto power .
Question 28: What is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
A. A movie script
B. A set of rules that say how people should be treated
C. A list of world records
D. A type of medicine
Answer: B. A set of rules that say how people should be treated Simple Explanation: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is like a big promise to treat all people fairly and kindly. It says things like “everyone should be free” and “no one should be hurt.”
Question 29: What does WHO advise people to do to stop the spread of diseases?
A. Drink more water
B. Get vaccinated and follow health guidelines
C. Use magic spells
D. Ignore it; diseases will go away on their own
Answer: B. Get vaccinated and follow health guidelines Simple Explanation: The WHO (World Health Organization) tells people to get shots called vaccines and to follow rules like washing hands. This helps stop diseases from spreading.
Question 30: Which country was suspended from the UN in the 1970s and 1980s?
A. United States
C. South Africa
Answer: C. South Africa Simple Explanation: South Africa was suspended because it had laws called “apartheid” that treated black people unfairly. The UN didn’t think this was right, so South Africa couldn’t be part of the UN for some time.
Question 31: What does the UN’s IAEA do?
A. Inspects art exhibits
B. Regulates air travel
C. Promotes peaceful use of nuclear energy
D. Manages internet usage
Answer: C. Promotes peaceful use of nuclear energy Simple Explanation: IAEA stands for the International Atomic Energy Agency. Its job is to make sure that nuclear energy is used safely and only for peaceful reasons, like making electricity.
Question 32: What is the main purpose of the UN’s peacekeeping missions?
A. Spying on countries
B. Teaching people to garden
C. Helping countries resolve conflicts and maintain peace
D. Organizing sports events
Answer: C. Helping countries resolve conflicts and maintain peace Simple Explanation: The UN sends peacekeepers to places where there are problems or fighting. They help keep things calm and make sure people are safe.
Question 33: How does the UN try to advance gender equality?
A. By ignoring it
B. Through programs and policies to empower women and girls
C. By holding beauty pageants
**D. By making men and women compete in sports
Answer: B. Through programs and policies to empower women and girls Simple Explanation: The UN wants men and women to be treated the same. They have special programs to help women get good jobs, go to school, and be safe.
Question 34: What is the UN’s stance on child labor?
A. It’s okay if the work is easy
B. It’s completely against it
C. It has no opinion
**D. It encourages it to boost the economy
Answer: B. It’s completely against it Simple Explanation: The UN thinks kids should not have to work. Kids should go to school and be safe, not do jobs that are hard or dangerous.
Question 35: What do the blue helmets worn by UN peacekeepers signify?
A. Fashion statement
B. They are undercover spies
C. They are there to maintain peace and security
**D. They are part of a sports team
Answer: C. They are there to maintain peace and security Simple Explanation: The blue helmets let people know that these are UN peacekeepers. They are in a place to help keep people safe and make sure things stay peaceful.
Question 36: What is UNESCO famous for?
A. Making video games
B. Protecting cultural and natural sites
C. Selling fast food
D. Designing clothes
Answer: B. Protecting cultural and natural sites Simple Explanation: UNESCO stands for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. It helps take care of special places around the world, like old buildings and beautiful nature spots, so everyone can enjoy them.
Question 37: Why does the UN have a focus on “sustainable development”?
A. To make quick money
B. To use up all the Earth’s resources
C. To support growth that also protects the planet and people
D. To promote oil companies
Answer: C. To support growth that also protects the planet and people Simple Explanation: “Sustainable development” means growing and getting better in a way that’s good for people and the Earth. The UN wants us to have good lives without hurting the planet.
Question 38: What does UNICEF stand for?
A. United Nations Ice Cream and Entertainment Fund
B. United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
C. United Nations Internal Computer Education Facility
D. United Nations Investment and Capital Exchange Fund
Answer: B. United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund Simple Explanation: UNICEF is all about helping kids, especially when they are in trouble like during wars or disasters. They give things like food, water, and medicine to make sure kids are okay.
Question 39: What is the primary goal of the UN’s High Commissioner for Refugees?
A. To sell holiday packages
B. To protect and help people who had to leave their home country
C. To build amusement parks
D. To promote fashion brands
Answer: B. To protect and help people who had to leave their home country Simple Explanation: This part of the UN helps people who had to go away from their home because of bad things like war or not having enough to eat. They give these people a safe place to stay and the things they need.
Question 40: What does veto power mean in the UN Security Council?
A. The power to sing well
B. The power to stop a decision from being made
C. The power to make everyone agree
D. The power to take vacations anytime
Answer: B. The power to stop a decision from being made Simple Explanation: In the UN Security Council, some countries can say “no” to a big decision and stop it from happening. This is called “veto power.” Right now, five countries have this power: the United States, Russia, China, United Kingdom, and France.
Question 41: What is the role of the UN’s Secretary-General?
A. To take meeting minutes
B. To be the face and voice of the UN
C. To cook meals for delegates
D. To organize sports events
Answer: B. To be the face and voice of the UN Simple Explanation: The Secretary-General is like the main spokesperson for the UN. They talk to the world about what the UN is doing and help make big decisions.
Question 42: Where is the International Court of Justice located?
A. New York, USA
B. Paris, France
C. The Hague, Netherlands
D. Tokyo, Japan
Answer: C. The Hague, Netherlands Simple Explanation: The International Court of Justice is in a place called The Hague in the Netherlands. This is where judges decide on really big and important cases between countries.
Question 43: Which UN agency focuses on civil aviation?
Answer: C. ICAO Simple Explanation: ICAO stands for International Civil Aviation Organization. It’s all about making sure planes are safe and follow the rules when flying.
Question 44: What is the main goal of the UN’s Convention on the Rights of the Child?
A. To make kids work harder
B. To protect and promote the rights of children
C. To limit children’s screen time
**D. To promote child actors in Hollywood
Answer: B. To protect and promote the rights of children Simple Explanation: This is like a big promise to treat all kids in the world nicely and fairly. It says kids have the right to be safe, to go to school, and to be healthy.
Question 45: What is the main way the UN gets its money to run its programs?
A. Selling merchandise
B. Contributions from member countries
C. Winning lotteries
D. Borrowing from banks
Answer: B. Contributions from member countries Simple Explanation: All the countries that are part of the UN give some money to help it do its work. This is how the UN pays for things like helping people who are hungry or keeping peace in troubled places.
Question 46: What is the role of the UN’s General Assembly?
A. To handle the UN’s finances
B. To hold an annual meeting with all member countries to discuss issues
C. To organize parties
D. To manage the UN’s military forces
Answer: B. To hold an annual meeting with all member countries to discuss issues Simple Explanation: The General Assembly is like a big meeting where all the countries in the UN come together. They talk about important stuff like peace, helping people, and making laws.
Question 47: What does the acronym ‘WFP’ stand for in the context of the UN?
A. World Fashion Program
B. World Food Programme
C. World Fishing Partnership
D. World Football Panel
Answer: B. World Food Programme Simple Explanation: WFP means World Food Programme. This part of the UN helps people who don’t have enough to eat. They send food to places where people are hungry.
Question 48: What is the role of the Economic and Social Council?
A. To advise on global fashion trends
B. To coordinate economic, social, and related work
C. To promote video games
D. To manage the UN’s stock investments
Answer: B. To coordinate economic, social, and related work Simple Explanation: This council works on making the world better by focusing on money stuff and how people live. They think about how to make jobs, improve schools, and keep people healthy.
Question 49: What does UNDP stand for?
A. United Nations Dance Party
B. United Nations Development Programme
C. United Nations Domestic Partnership
D. United Nations Diamond Processing
Answer: B. United Nations Development Programme Simple Explanation: UNDP is all about helping countries get better in ways like having good schools, clean water, and ways for people to make money safely.
Question 50: What is the primary focus of UN Women?
A. To promote female-led businesses
B. To achieve gender equality and empower women and girls
C. To organize beauty pageants
**D. To design women’s fashion
Answer: B. To achieve gender equality and empower women and girls Simple Explanation: UN Women works to make sure girls and women are treated the same as boys and men. They help girls and women get good education, jobs, and the right to make choices in their life.
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