In this article, we will discuss about National symbols of India. India, a diverse and rich nation, has a variety of symbols that represent its pride, culture, and history. From animals to anthems, these symbols hold special meaning for the citizens of India. Let’s take a journey and explore these national symbols through 30 easy-to-understand questions and answers.
1. Q: What is the national emblem of India?
A: The national emblem of India is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath.
2. Q: Which animal is depicted on the national emblem?
A: The national emblem features four lions, standing back to back.
3. Q: What is the national flower of India?
A: The Lotus is the national flower of India.
4. Q: Which bird is the national bird of India?
A: The Indian Peafowl, commonly known as the Peacock, is the national bird of India.
5. Q: What is the national tree of India?
A: The Banyan tree is designated as the national tree of India.
6. Q: Which fruit represents India’s national fruit?
A: The Mango is the national fruit of India.
7. Q: What is inscribed below the national emblem?
A: The words “Satyameva Jayate” are inscribed below the national emblem.
8. Q: From which scripture is “Satyameva Jayate” taken?
A: “Satyameva Jayate” is taken from the ancient Indian scripture, the Mundaka Upanishad.
9. Q: What does “Satyameva Jayate” mean?
A: It means “Truth alone triumphs.”
10. Q: What is the national river of India?
A: The Ganges, often called the Ganga, is recognized as the national river of India.
11. Q: What is the national song of India?
A: The national song is “Vande Mataram” from the novel “Anandamath.”
12. Q: Who wrote “Vande Mataram”?
A: “Vande Mataram” was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
13. Q: What is the national anthem of India?
A: The national anthem of India is “Jana Gana Mana.”
14. Q: Who composed the national anthem?
A: The national anthem was composed by Rabindranath Tagore.
15. Q: How long does it take to sing the national anthem?
A: It takes approximately 52 seconds to sing the national anthem.
16. Q: Which is the national animal of India?
A: The Bengal Tiger is the national animal of India.
17. Q: Why is the Bengal Tiger chosen as the national animal?
A: The Bengal Tiger represents strength, power, and grace, which are symbolic attributes of India.
18. Q: Is there a national aquatic animal of India?
A: Yes, the Ganges River Dolphin is the national aquatic animal of India.
19. Q: Which is the national currency of India?
A: The Indian Rupee (₹) is the national currency of India.
20. Q: What is depicted on the ₹1 coin?
A: The ₹1 coin features the Lion Capital of Ashoka.
21. Q: What is the national heritage animal of India?
A: The Indian Elephant is recognized as the national heritage animal.
22. Q: What is the national calendar of India?
A: The national calendar of India is based on the Saka Era.
23. Q: What is the significance of the Banyan tree being the national tree?
A: The Banyan tree represents longevity and is deeply rooted in Indian culture and spirituality.
24. Q: What colors are present in the national flag of India?
A: The Indian national flag consists of three colors: saffron, white, and green, with a navy-blue Ashoka Chakra in the center.
25. Q: Who designed the national flag of India?
A: The national flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya.
26. Q: Why is the Peacock chosen as the national bird?
A: The Peacock is chosen for its rich religious significance and vibrant beauty, symbolizing grace and pride.
27. Q: How many spokes are there in the Ashoka Chakra?
A: The Ashoka Chakra has 24 spokes.
28. Q: What do the spokes in the Ashoka Chakra represent?
A: The 24 spokes represent the 24 essential principles of life.
29. Q: Who adopted the present national emblem?
A: The Government of India adopted the present national emblem on 26th January 1950.
30. Q: Why is the Lotus chosen as the national flower?
A: The Lotus represents purity, beauty, wealth, and the promise of new beginnings. It holds a sacred place in Indian culture and spirituality.
Think of India, and you’re immediately reminded of its rich tapestry of symbols. These aren’t just icons or figures; they capture the very soul of a country that’s blossomed over millennia. When you see the regal Bengal Tiger or the peaceful Lotus, you’re glimpsing into tales that weave India’s diverse history, spiritual journeys, and lively traditions. These symbols paint a picture of a nation that’s beautifully varied, yet bound together by shared values. It’s a land where age-old customs dance alongside modern beats. By cherishing and understanding these emblems, we don’t just remember the golden chapters of India’s story, but we also look ahead to its bright days in the making. More than just symbols, they serve as heartwarming reminders of what India stands for, inspiring future generations to keep its essence alive and pulsating.