Bihar Major Rivers:-
- Ganges: This mighty river flows through the heart of Bihar and is critical for agriculture, religious ceremonies, and transportation.
- Son River: A major right-bank tributary of the Ganges, the Son River is crucial for irrigation in southern Bihar.
- Gandak: Originating from Nepal, this river is a left-bank tributary of the Ganges and provides much-needed water for northern Bihar.
- Kosi: Often referred to as the ‘Sorrow of Bihar,’ Kosi is infamous for its annual flooding, affecting thousands of lives.
- Bagmati: This river originates in Nepal and flows through north-central Bihar before joining the Kosi River.
1. Which river is often referred to as the ‘Sorrow of Bihar’?
B. Son River
Answer: D. Kosi
Explanation: Kosi is known as the ‘Sorrow of Bihar’ due to its frequent and devastating floods that impact thousands of lives.
2. Which river is crucial for irrigation in southern Bihar?
B. Son River
Answer: B. Son River
Explanation: The Son River is a major right-bank tributary of the Ganges and plays a crucial role in irrigating southern Bihar.
3. Which river originates from Nepal and is a left-bank tributary of the Ganges?
B. Son River
Answer: C. Gandak
Explanation: The Gandak River originates from Nepal and flows as a left-bank tributary of the Ganges, providing essential water to northern Bihar.
4. What river flows through the heart of Bihar?
B. Son River
Answer: D. Ganges
Explanation: The Ganges River flows through the center of Bihar and is pivotal for the state’s agriculture, religious ceremonies, and transportation.
5. Which river joins the Kosi River in Bihar?
B. Son River
Answer: A. Bagmati
Explanation: The Bagmati River originates in Nepal and flows through Bihar before joining the Kosi River.
6. What is the primary source of the Kosi River?
A. Himalayan Glaciers
C. Underground Springs
D. Man-made reservoirs
Answer: A. Himalayan Glaciers
Explanation: The Kosi River primarily originates from the glaciers in the Himalayas.
7. Which river in Bihar is considered sacred by Buddhists?
Answer: A. Falgu
Explanation: The Falgu River is considered sacred by Buddhists and is associated with the life of Gautama Buddha.
8. Which river is famous for the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary?
Answer: A. Ganges
Explanation: The Ganges River is home to the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary, which is a conservation area for the endangered Gangetic dolphins.
1. Which of the following is a major mountain range in Bihar?
A. The Himalayas
B. The Vindhyas
C. The Western Ghats
D. The Sahyadris
Answer: A. The Himalayas
Explanation: The Himalayas extend into the northern part of Bihar, especially in areas of West Champaran bordering Nepal.
2. Which river is considered the lifeline of Bihar?
Answer: C. Ganges
Explanation: The Ganges River is considered the lifeline of Bihar as it plays a crucial role in agriculture, religious ceremonies, and transportation.
3. What is the primary soil type found in Bihar?
A. Black Soil
B. Laterite Soil
C. Alluvial Soil
D. Red Soil
Answer: C. Alluvial Soil
Explanation: Alluvial soil, which is very fertile and suitable for agriculture, is the primary soil type in Bihar.
4. Which state borders Bihar to the south?
A. Uttar Pradesh
C. West Bengal
Answer: B. Jharkhand
Explanation: Jharkhand lies to the south of Bihar and was carved out of the southern part of Bihar in the year 2000.
5. What is the primary natural disaster that affects Bihar?
Answer: C. Flood
Explanation: Due to the presence of multiple rivers like the Ganges, Kosi, and Gandak, Bihar is often affected by floods, particularly in the monsoon season.
6. What is the main plateau region found in Bihar?
A. Deccan Plateau
B. Malwa Plateau
C. Chotanagpur Plateau
D. Tibetan Plateau
Answer: C. Chotanagpur Plateau
Explanation: The Chotanagpur Plateau extends into the southern part of Bihar and is rich in minerals.
Extended Geography Quiz on Bihar
7. Which of the following cities is located near the banks of the Ganges in Bihar?
Answer: B. Patna
Explanation: Patna, the capital city of Bihar, is situated near the banks of the Ganges River.
8. What type of forest cover is most common in Bihar?
A. Tropical Rainforest
B. Deciduous Forest
C. Mangrove Forest
D. Alpine Forest
Answer: B. Deciduous Forest
Explanation: Bihar primarily has deciduous forests that shed their leaves seasonally.
9. Which river is responsible for creating the delta region in Bihar?
Answer: B. Ganges
Explanation: The Ganges River creates a delta region as it flows towards the Bay of Bengal, although the main delta lies outside Bihar.
10. What mineral is Bihar rich in?
Answer: C. Pyrite
Explanation: Bihar is rich in pyrite, among other minerals.
11. Which of the following national parks is located in Bihar?
A. Jim Corbett National Park
B. Valmiki National Park
C. Bandipur National Park
D. Sundarbans National Park
Answer: B. Valmiki National Park
Explanation: Valmiki National Park is located in Bihar and is an important biodiversity hotspot.
12. Which season experiences the highest rainfall in Bihar?
Answer: C. Monsoon
Explanation: Bihar receives the highest rainfall during the monsoon season, typically between June and September.
Further Geography of Bihar: Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs)
13. Which of the following rivers is does NOT flow in Bihar?
Answer: D. Tapti
Explanation: The Tapti River is not a tributary of the Ganges and doesn’t flow through Bihar.
14. What is the predominant type of agriculture in Bihar?
A. Commercial farming
B. Subsistence farming
C. Organic farming
D. Terrace farming
Answer: B. Subsistence farming
Explanation: Subsistence farming is the most common form of agriculture in Bihar, where farmers primarily grow crops for their own consumption.
15. What is Bihar’s primary energy source?
A. Solar power
B. Wind energy
D. Thermal power
Answer: D. Thermal power
Explanation: Thermal power, especially from coal-fired plants, is the primary source of energy in Bihar.
16. Which neighboring country shares a border with Bihar?
Answer: C. Nepal
Explanation: Bihar shares its northern border with Nepal.
17. Which of the following is NOT a traditional crop grown in Bihar?
Answer: D. Tea
Explanation: Tea is not a traditional crop grown in Bihar. It is more common in states like Assam and West Bengal.
18. What is the primary reason for soil erosion in Bihar?
Answer: B. Flooding
Explanation: Due to the many rivers flowing through Bihar and their propensity to flood, soil erosion is primarily caused by flooding.
The fertile lands of Bihar are like nature’s own canvas where a medley of crops are sown and reaped.
Crops in Bihar: Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs)
1. Which is the primary Kharif crop in Bihar?
Answer: B. Rice
Explanation: Rice is the primary Kharif crop in Bihar, sown with the arrival of the monsoon season.
2. What crop is known as the ‘Golden Fiber’?
Answer: B. Jute
Explanation: Jute is often referred to as the ‘Golden Fiber’ and is produced in certain areas of Bihar of Kishanganj and Purnea District .
3. Which Rabi crop is commonly grown in Bihar?
Answer: D. Wheat
Explanation: Wheat is a popular Rabi crop in Bihar, sown after the monsoon season is over.
4. What cash crop is grown extensively in northern Bihar?
Answer: B. Sugarcane
Explanation: Sugarcane is a significant cash crop grown extensively in the northern parts of Bihar, especially in areas close to the Ganges River.
5. Which oilseed is prevalent in Bihar’s agriculture?
Answer: B. Mustard
Explanation: Mustard is the prevalent oilseed in Bihar, especially in the Rabi season.
6. Which crop is NOT traditionally grown in Bihar?
Answer: D. Coconut
Explanation: Coconut is not traditionally grown in Bihar, as the climatic conditions are not favorable for its cultivation.
7. What is the primary factor that affects crop yields in Bihar?
C. Soil quality
Answer: B. Irrigation
Explanation: Irrigation is the primary factor affecting crop yields in Bihar due to the uneven distribution of rainfall.
8.Which of the following fruits is Bihar famous for?
Answer: C. Litchi
Explanation: Bihar is renowned for its litchi production, especially in regions like Muzaffarpur.
9. Which of these pulses is commonly grown in Bihar?
C. Kidney beans
D. Green peas
Answer: A. Lentils
Explanation: Lentils are a common pulse crop in Bihar and are often grown during the Rabi season.
10. Which spice crop is commonly grown in Bihar?
Answer: B. Turmeric
Explanation: Turmeric is a commonly grown spice crop in Bihar and is used in a variety of culinary and medicinal applications.
11. What kind of soil is most suitable for maize cultivation in Bihar?
A. Black Soil
B. Alluvial Soil
C. Laterite Soil
D. Red Soil
Answer: B. Alluvial Soil
Explanation: Maize is best grown in alluvial soil, which is abundant in Bihar.
12. What is the main obstacle to potato farming in Bihar?
A. Pest infestation
B. Lack of cold storage
C. High labor costs
D. Shortage of water
Answer: B. Lack of cold storage
Explanation: Lack of adequate cold storage facilities is a significant obstacle to potato farming in Bihar, leading to post-harvest losses.
13. Which variety of rice is native to Bihar?
Answer: C. Kalanamak
Explanation: Kalanamak is a scented rice variety native to Bihar and is renowned for its unique taste and aroma.
14. Which crop is commonly intercropped with sugarcane in Bihar?
Answer: A. Wheat
Explanation: Wheat is commonly intercropped with sugarcane to make efficient use of land and resources.
15. What is the primary method of irrigation for paddy fields in Bihar?
A. Drip Irrigation
B. Canal Irrigation
C. Sprinkler Irrigation
D. Flood Irrigation
Answer: D. Flood Irrigation
Explanation: Flood irrigation is commonly used in paddy fields in Bihar, thanks to the abundance of rivers and water bodies in the state.
16. Which of these fibers is grown in Bihar but is not edible?
Answer: A. Cotton
Explanation: Cotton is grown in some parts of Bihar, but unlike jute, sisal, and flax, it’s not considered an edible fiber.
17. What is the main agricultural challenge in Bihar’s hilly regions?
C. Soil erosion
D. Lack of sunlight
Answer: C. Soil erosion
Explanation: The hilly regions of Bihar face the challenge of soil erosion due to the terrain and the heavy rainfall they receive.
18. Which of these vegetables is commonly grown in Bihar?
Answer: C. Cauliflower
Explanation: Cauliflower is a commonly grown vegetable in Bihar and is a staple in many local dishes.
19. Which of the following is a traditional method of soil fertility management in Bihar?
A. Chemical fertilizers
B. Crop rotation
Answer: B. Crop rotation
Explanation: Crop rotation is a traditional method used in Bihar to manage soil fertility. It involves growing different types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons to improve soil structure and fertility.
20. What is the main component of the fertilizer used for paddy cultivation in Bihar?
Answer: A. Nitrogen
Explanation: Nitrogen is the primary nutrient needed for paddy cultivation, and fertilizers rich in nitrogen are commonly used in Bihar’s rice fields.
21. Which of the following crops requires the least amount of water for cultivation in Bihar?
Answer: C. Lentils
Explanation: Lentils require the least amount of water compared to rice, wheat, and sugarcane, making them more drought-resistant.
22. Which of the following is NOT a pest that commonly affects crops in Bihar?
Answer: D. Snails
Explanation: Snails are generally not a pest that affects crops in Bihar. The other options, like locusts, aphids, and armyworms, are more common crop pests in the region.
23. What’s the primary method of weed control in Bihar’s farmlands?
B. Manual weeding
D. Flame weeding
Answer: B. Manual weeding
Explanation: Manual weeding is the most common method of weed control in Bihar’s agricultural lands. It’s labor-intensive but effective.
24. Which crop is often grown as a ‘catch crop’ in Bihar?
Answer: D. Peas
Explanation: Peas are often grown as a ‘catch crop’ in Bihar. A catch crop is a fast-growing crop sown between two main crops to make the most of the season and soil.
25. What is the average size of a small farm in Bihar?
A. Less than 1 hectare
B. 1-2 hectares
C. 2-5 hectares
D. More than 5 hectares
Answer: A. Less than 1 hectare
Explanation: The average size of a small farm in Bihar is less than 1 hectare. Most farms in Bihar are small and fragmented.
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