First in world
General Knowledge

In this article, we will see the “first ” in world .These instances of human achievement, innovation, and progress provide a fascinating snapshot of how our world has evolved.

 

  • : Who was the first person to reach the North Pole?
  • A: Robert Peary, in 1909.

 

  • Q: What was the first country to grant women the right to vote?
  • A: New Zealand, in 1893.

 

  • Q: Who was the first person to climb Mount Everest?
  • A: Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, in 1953.

 

  • Q: What was the first novel ever written?
  • A: “The Tale of Genji” by Murasaki Shikibu, in the 11th century.

 

  • Q: Who was the first human to travel into space?
  • A: Yuri Gagarin, in 1961.

 

  • Q: What was the world’s first national park?
  • A: Yellowstone National Park in the USA, established in 1872.

 

  • Q: Who was the first female Prime Minister in the world?
  • A: Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka, in 1960.

 

  • Q: What was the first film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture?
  • A: “Wings,” in 1929.

 

  • Q: Who was the first person to win a Nobel Prize?
  • A: Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen for Physics, in 1901.

 

  • Q: What was the first company to reach a $1 trillion market valuation?
  • A: Apple, in 2018.

 

  • Q: Who was the first U.S. President?
  • A: George Washington, served from 1789 to 1797.

 

  • Q: What was the first successful human organ transplant?
  • A: The first successful kidney transplant was performed in 1954.

 

  • Q: Who was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean?
  • A: Amelia Earhart, in 1932.

 

  • Q: What is the first animal to be domesticated by humans?
  • A: The dog, domesticated from the gray wolf thousands of years ago.

 

  • Q: Who wrote the first computer programming language?
  • A: Ada Lovelace is credited with writing the world’s first machine algorithm in the mid-1800s.

 

  • Q: What was the first city to reach a population of one million?
  • A: Rome, Italy, in 133 B.C.

 

  • Q: Who was the first African American to serve as a U.S. Supreme Court Justice?
  • A: Thurgood Marshall, appointed in 1967.

 

  • Q: What was the first automobile ever made?
  • A: The Benz Patent-Motorwagen, built by Karl Benz in 1885.

 

  • Q: Who was the first person to sail solo around the world?
  • A: Joshua Slocum, from 1895 to 1898.

 

  • Q: What was the first printed book?
  • A: The Gutenberg Bible, printed by Johannes Gutenberg in the 1450s.

 

  • Q: Who was the first female astronaut in space?
  • A: Valentina Tereshkova, in 1963.

 

  • Q: What was the first country to host the modern Olympic Games?
  • A: Greece, in Athens, 1896.

 

  • Q: Who was the first Nobel laureate in Literature?
  • A: Sully Prudhomme, in 1901.

 

  • Q: What was the first commercial airline flight?
  • A: The St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line in 1914.

 

  • Q: Who was the first person to create a periodic table of elements?
  • A: Dmitri Mendeleev, in 1869.

 

  • Q: What was the first planet discovered using a telescope?
  • A: Uranus, discovered by William Herschel in 1781.

 

  • Q: Who was the first female Nobel laureate?
  • A: Marie Curie, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903.

 

  • Q: What was the first feature-length animated movie ever made?
  • A: “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs,” released by Disney in 1937.

 

  • Q: Who was the first African Nobel Peace Prize winner?
  • A: Albert Lutuli of South Africa, in 1960.

 

  • Q: What is the first element on the Periodic Table?
  • A: Hydrogen.

 

  • Q: Who was the first European to reach the Americas?
  • A: Christopher Columbus, in 1492.

 

  • Q: What was the first Internet search engine?
  • A: Archie, created in 1990.

 

  • Q: Who was the first President of South Africa post-apartheid?
  • A: Nelson Mandela, served from 1994 to 1999.

 

  • Q: What was the first color television broadcast?
  • A: An experimental CBS broadcast on June 25, 1951.

 

  • Q: Who was the first person to run a four-minute mile?
  • A: Roger Bannister, on May 6, 1954.

 

  • Q: What was the first country to launch a satellite into space?
  • A: The Soviet Union, with Sputnik in 1957.

 

  • Q: Who was the first person to invent the telephone?
  • A: Alexander Graham Bell, in 1876.

 

  • Q: What was the first artificial heart transplant?
  • A: Performed by Dr. Barney Clark in 1982, using the Jarvik-7 artificial heart.

 

  • Q: Who was the first female Secretary-General of the United Nations?
  • A: There has been no female Secretary-General of the United Nations as of  Aug 2023.

 

  • Q: What was the first publicly traded company?
  • A: The Dutch East India Company, in 1602.

 

  • Q: Who was the first President of Russia?
  • A: Boris Yeltsin, served from 1991 to 1999.

 

  • Q: What was the first video uploaded to YouTube?
  • A: “Me at the zoo” by Jawed Karim, on April 23, 2005.

 

  • Q: Who was the first woman to head a Fortune 500 company?
  • A: Katharine Graham, as CEO of The Washington Post Company in 1972.

 

  • Q: What was the first social media site?
  • A: Six Degrees, launched in 1997.

 

  • Q: Who was the first African American President of the United States?
  • A: Barack Obama, served from 2009 to 2017.

 

  • Q: What was the first computer virus? A: The Creeper virus, detected on ARPANET in the early 1970s.
  • Q: Who was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize in Economics? A: Elinor Ostrom, in 2009.
  • Q: What was the first successful Mars landing? A: Viking 1, which landed on Mars in 1976.
  • Q: Who was the first British monarch of the House of Windsor? A: King George V, in 1917.
  • Q: What was the first video game ever created? A: “Tennis for Two,” developed in 1958 by William Higinbotham.
  • Q: Who was the first author to sell over one billion books? A: Agatha Christie.
  • Q: What was the first capital of the United States? A: New York City, in 1785.
  • Q: Who was the first female aviator to attempt a flight around the world? A: Amelia Earhart, in 1937.
  • Q: What was the first country to have a female Prime Minister? A: Sri Lanka, with Sirimavo Bandaranaike in 1960.
  • Q: Who was the first African American Major League Baseball player? A: Jackie Robinson, in 1947.
  • Q: What was the first country to adopt Christianity as the state religion? A: Armenia, in AD 301.
  • Q: Who was the first female justice of the U.S. Supreme Court? A: Sandra Day O’Connor, appointed in 1981.
  • Q: What was the first state to join the United States? A: Delaware, in 1787.
  • Q: Who was the first female pilot to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean? A: Amelia Earhart, in 1935.
  • Q: What was the first satellite launched by the United States? A: Explorer 1, in 1958.
  • Q: Who was the first person to be Time’s Person of the Year? A: Charles Lindbergh, in 1927.
  • Q: What was the first toy to be advertised on television? A: Mr. Potato Head, in 1952.
  • Q: Who was the first democratically elected President of Russia? A: Boris Yeltsin, in 1991.
  • Q: What was the first film to use computer-generated imagery (CGI)? A: “Westworld,” in 1973.
  • Q: Who was the first woman to travel to space? A: Valentina Tereshkova, in 1963.
  • Q: Who was the first African American female astronaut? A: Dr. Mae Jemison, in 1992.
  • Q: What was the first university in the world? A: University of Al Quaraouiyine in Fez, Morocco, founded in 859.
  • Q: Who was the first person to walk on the moon? A: Neil Armstrong, in 1969.
  • Q: What was the first country to abolish slavery? A: France, in 1794, though it was later re-established and then abolished again.
  • Q: Who was the first female Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives? A: Nancy Pelosi, in 2007.
  • Q: What was the first metal used by humans? A: Copper, around 10,000 years ago.
  • Q: Who was the first billionaire in the world? A: John D. Rockefeller, in the early 1900s.
  • Q: What was the first song played on MTV? A: “Video Killed the Radio Star” by The Buggles, in 1981.
  • Q: Who was the first professional female basketball player? A: Lusia Harris, in 1977.
  • Q: What was the first nation to gain independence in the Caribbean? A: Haiti, in 1804.
  • Q: Who was the first European to sail around the southern tip of Africa? A: Vasco da Gama, in 1498.
  • Q: What was the first country to use paper money? A: China, during the Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD).
  • Q: Who was the first woman to run for President of the United States? A: Victoria Woodhull, in 1872.
  • Q: What was the first national park outside the United States? A: The Royal National Park in Australia, established in 1879.
  • Q: Who was the first Indian actor to win an Oscar? A: Bhanu Athaiya, for costume design in “Gandhi” (1982),
  • Q: What was the first antibiotic discovered? A: Penicillin, by Alexander Fleming in 1928.
  • Q: Who was the first Native American woman elected to Congress? A: Sharice Davids and Deb Haaland, both elected in 2018.
  • Q: What was the first animated series on television? A: “Crusader Rabbit,” in 1950.
  • Q: Who was the first Roman Emperor? A: Augustus, ruling from 27 BC to 14 AD.
  • Q: What was the first official World Cup in soccer? A: The 1930 FIFA World Cup, held in Uruguay.
  • Q: Who was the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction? A: Edith Wharton, for “The Age of Innocence,” in 1921.
  • Q: What was the first country to grant women the right to vote? A: New Zealand, in 1893.
  • Q: Who was the first African American to win an Academy Award for Best Actor? A: Sidney Poitier, for “Lilies of the Field,” in 1963.
  • Q: What was the first publicly available website? A: The CERN information server, made publicly available on August 6, 1991.
  • Q: Who was the first female doctor in the United States? A: Elizabeth Blackwell, in 1849.
  • Q: What was the first 24-hour news channel? A: CNN, launched in 1980.
  • Q: Who was the first leader of Communist China? A: Mao Zedong, who ruled from 1949 to 1976.
  • Q: What was the first movie to win the Academy Award for Best Picture? A: “Wings,” in 1927.
  • Q: Who was the first person to swim the English Channel? A: Matthew Webb, in 1875.
  • Q: What was the first operating system for personal computers? A: CP/M (Control Program for Microcomputers), released in 1974.
  • Q: Who was the first female leader of a Muslim-majority country? A: Benazir Bhutto, who became Prime Minister of Pakistan in 1988.
  • Q: What was the first comic strip? A: “The Yellow Kid,” which debuted in 1895.
  • Q: Who was the first African American woman elected to the U.S. Congress? A: Shirley Chisholm, in 1968.
  • Q: What was the first space probe to reach another planet? A: Mariner 2, which flew by Venus in 1962.
  • Q: Who was the first American woman in space? A: Sally Ride, in 1983.
  • Q: What was the first country to recognize the United States? A: Morocco, in 1777.
  • Q: Who was the first Secretary-General of the United Nations? A: Trygve Lie, from Norway, who served from 1946 to 1952.
  • Q: What was the first use of anesthesia in surgery? A: Ether was used in an operation by Dr. William T.G. Morton in 1846.
  • Q: Who was the first female Premier of a Canadian province? A: Rita Johnston, who became Premier of British Columbia in 1991.
  • Q: What was the first country to host both the Summer and Winter Olympics? A: France, with Paris hosting the Summer Games in 1900 and Chamonix hosting the Winter Games in 1924.
  • Who was the first woman to climb Mount Everest? A: Junko Tabei from Japan, in 1975.
  • Q: What was the first car produced for the mass market? A: The Ford Model T, introduced in 1908.
  • Q: Who was the first U.S. President to be impeached? A: Andrew Johnson, in 1868.
  • Q: What was the first product to have a barcode? A: A pack of Wrigley’s Juicy Fruit gum, scanned in 1974.
  • Q: Who was the first female astronaut of the European Space Agency? A: Claudie Haigneré from France, in 1996.
  • Q: What was the first element discovered by scientists? A: Phosphorus, by German alchemist Hennig Brand in 1669.
  • Q: Who was the first President of South Africa after the end of apartheid? A: Nelson Mandela, from 1994 to 1999.
  • Q: What was the first country to establish diplomatic relations with the United States? A: France, in 1778.
  • Q: Who was the first actor to portray James Bond in a theatrical film? A: Sean Connery, in “Dr. No” (1962).
  • Q: What was the first country to reach the South Pole? A: Norway, led by Roald Amundsen in 1911.
  • Q: Who was the first African American woman to win an Academy Award? A: Hattie McDaniel, for “Gone with the Wind” in 1939.
  • Q: What was the first fully animated feature film? A: “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs,” released by Disney in 1937.
  • Q: Who was the first Prime Minister of Canada? A: Sir John A. Macdonald, from 1867 to 1873.
  • Q: What was the first social media site? A: Six Degrees, launched in 1997.
  • Q: Who was the first person to reach the North Pole? A: The claim is disputed, but Robert Peary’s 1909 expedition is often credited.
  • Q: What was the first state to abolish the death penalty in the U.S.? A: Michigan, in 1846.
  • Q: Who was the first female Chief Justice of a country? A: Dame Sian Elias in New Zealand, from 1999 to 2019.
  • Q: What was the first African country to gain independence from colonial rule? A: Ghana, in 1957.
  • Q: Who was the first player to score a hat-trick in the FIFA World Cup? A: Bert Patenaude from the United States, in 1930.
  • Q: What was the first national park in the United States? A: Yellowstone National Park, established in 1872.

 

 

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