In this article, we will continue our question-and-answer session on  GK Facts about India. India, a nation known for its rich culture and history, is also a geographical marvel. Situated in South Asia, this vast country boasts a myriad of terrains, climatic zones, and unique geographical features. This guide will provide you with 50 intriguing facts about the geographical wonders of India, highlighting the immense diversity and splendor of this great nation.

Q: In which continent is India located?

A: Asia.


Q: What are India’s neighboring countries to the north?

A: China, Nepal, and Bhutan.


Q: Which ocean lies to the south of India?

A: The Indian Ocean.


Q: What is the capital of India?

A: New Delhi.


Q: Which mountain range separates India from the Tibetan plateau?

A: The Himalayas.


Q: Which river is considered the holiest in India?

A: The Ganges (Ganga).


Q: What is the largest state in India by area?

A: Rajasthan.


Q: Which desert is located in the western part of India?

A: The Thar Desert.


Q: Which island chain lies to the southwest of India?

A: The Lakshadweep Islands.


Q: Which island chain lies to the southeast of India?

A: The Andaman and Nicobar Islands.


Q: What is the easternmost point of India?

A: Kibithu in Arunachal Pradesh.


Q: What is the westernmost point of India?

A: Guhar Moti in Gujarat.


Q: Which strait separates India from Sri Lanka?

A: The Palk Strait.


Q: What is the name of the southernmost point of India’s mainland?

A: Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin).


Q: Which is the longest river in India?

A: The Ganges.


Q: What plateau is located to the south of the river Krishna and Godavari?

A: The Deccan Plateau.


Q: Which mountain range runs parallel to the west coast of India?

A: The Western Ghats.


Q: Which range runs parallel to the east coast?

A: The Eastern Ghats.


Q: What are the fertile plains to the north of India called?

A: The Indo-Gangetic Plains.


Q: What is the official name of India?

A: The Republic of India.


Q: Which countries lie to the west of India?

A: Pakistan and Afghanistan.


Q: Which country lies to the east of India?

A: Bangladesh.


Q: What is the total area of India?

A: Approximately 3.287 million square kilometers.


Q: What body of water lies to the west of India?

A: The Arabian Sea.


Q: What body of water lies to the east of India?

A: The Bay of Bengal.


Q: Which is the smallest state in India by area?

A: Goa.


Q: Which region in India receives the highest annual rainfall?

A: Mawsynram in Meghalaya.


Q: In which state is the Salt Desert, Rann of Kutch, located?

A: Gujarat.


Q: Which river is known as the “Lifeline of Kerala”?

A: The Periyar River.


Q: Which city is known as the “Pink City”?

A: Jaipur.


Q: Which is the largest lake in India?

A: Vembanad Lake.


Q: What is the name of the range that divides the rivers flowing into the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea?

A: The Vindhya Range.


Q: Which river forms the deltaic region of Sundarbans?

A: The Ganges and Brahmaputra.


Q: What is the forest type of the region in the northeastern part of India?

A: Tropical Rainforest.


Q: Which plateau lies between the Aravalli and the Vindhya range?

A: The Malwa Plateau.


Q: What is the highest peak in India?

A: Kangchenjunga.


Q: Which state in India is known for its unique floating national park?

A: Manipur (Loktak Lake).


Q: Which river is associated with the Grand Anicut dam?

A: The Kaveri River.


Q: In which state are the Ajanta Caves located?

A: Maharashtra.


Q: Which state has the longest coastline in India?

A: Gujarat.


Q: Which Indian state is known as “Land of the Five Rivers”?

A: Punjab.


Q: Where is the “Silent Valley” located?

A: Kerala.


Q: Which state in India is known as the “Rice Bowl”?

A: Andhra Pradesh.


Q: In which region would you find the Rohtang Pass?

A: Himachal Pradesh.


Q: Where is the famous Valley of Flowers located?

A: Uttarakhand.


Q: Which river is known as the “Sorrow of Bihar”?

A: The Kosi River.


Q: Which state is the largest producer of tea in India?

A: Assam.


Q: Which plateau is rich in minerals and located in eastern India?

A: The Chota Nagpur Plateau.


Q: Which state is bordered by the maximum number of other states in India?

A: Uttar Pradesh.


Q: Which Indian island is closer to Indonesia than to the Indian mainland?

A: The Great Nicobar Island.


The geographical diversity of India is nothing short of remarkable. From its expansive coastlines to the towering Himalayas, from arid deserts to lush rainforests, India’s landscape is as varied as its rich cultural tapestry. Each state, each region, and each river has its own story, deeply intertwined with the people who call it home. This immense geographical expanse not only bears testimony to the country’s vivid natural beauty but also underscores the intricate balance of ecosystems and traditions. Truly, understanding India’s geography is like unfolding a vast, intricate mosaic of histories, cultures, and natural wonders. Whether you are a traveler, student, or a curious soul, India’s geographical tapestry invites you to delve deeper, explore further, and marvel at its grandeur.

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