General Knowledge Geography

In this article, we delve into some fascinating geographical facts about India and ponder thought-provoking questions about the incredible subcontinent of India. India, a diverse and enchanting land, is blessed with a vast and varied geographical landscape that stretches from the mighty Himalayas in the north to the serene Indian Ocean in the south. Its geography has played a crucial role in shaping its history, culture, and economic development.

Q: What is the official name of India?

 

  • Q: Which continent is India located in?
  • A: India is located in the continent of Asia.

 

  • Q: What is the total land area of India?
  • A: India has a total land area of approximately 3.287 million square kilometers.

 

  • Q: What are the neighboring countries of India?
  • A: India shares its borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.

 

  • Q: Which ocean surrounds India?
  • A: India is surrounded by the Indian Ocean.

 

  • Q: What is the capital city of India?
  • A: The capital city of India is New Delhi.
  • Q: How many states are there in India?
  • A: India is divided into 28 states and 8 Union territories.
  • Q: Which river is considered the holiest in India?
  • A: The Ganges River is considered the holiest river in India.
  • Q: Which mountain range forms India’s northern boundary?
  • A: The Himalayas form India’s northern boundary.
  • Q: What is the highest peak in India?
  • A: The highest peak in India is Mount Kanchenjunga, standing at 8,586 meters.
  • Q: Which desert is located in the western part of India?
  • A: The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is located in the western part of India.
  • Q: How many Union territories are there in India?
  • A: India has 8 Union territories.
  • Q: Which Indian state is known as the “Land of Five Rivers”?
  • A: Punjab is known as the “Land of Five Rivers.”
  • Q: What is India’s national animal?
  • A: India’s national animal is the Bengal Tiger.
  • Q: Which bird is the national bird of India?
  • A: The national bird of India is the Indian Peafowl, commonly known as the Peacock.
  • Q: What is India’s national flower?
  • A: The Lotus is India’s national flower.
  • Q: What is the national emblem of India?
  • A: The national emblem of India is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka.
  • Q: Which city is famously known as the “Pink City”?
  • A: Jaipur, the capital of the state of Rajasthan, is famously known as the “Pink City.”
  • Q: Which river is known as the “Sorrow of Bihar” due to frequent floods?
  • A: The Kosi River is known as the “Sorrow of Bihar.”
  • Q: Which city is known as the “Silicon Valley of India”?
  • A: Bengaluru is known as the “Silicon Valley of India.”
  • Q: What is India’s national currency?
  • A: India’s national currency is the Indian Rupee (INR).
  • Q: Which famous mausoleum is located in Agra, India?
  • A: The Taj Mahal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in Agra, India.
  • Q: Which state in India is famous for its backwaters and houseboats?
  • A: Kerala is famous for its backwaters and houseboats.
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the Sundarbans mangrove forest?
  • A: The Sundarbans mangrove forest is shared by both India and Bangladesh, and it is located in the state of West Bengal in India.
  • Q: Which festival is celebrated nationwide to mark the victory of good over evil?
  • A: Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is celebrated nationwide to mark the victory of good over evil.
  • Q: What is the approximate population of India?
  • A: As of my last update in September 2021, the approximate population of India was over 1.3 billion.
  • Q: Which city hosts the famous Kumbh Mela, a Hindu pilgrimage and festival?
  • A: The Kumbh Mela is hosted in several cities, including Prayagraj (formerly Allahabad), Haridwar, Nashik, and Ujjain, at different intervals.
  • Q: What is the national sport of India?
  • A: Field Hockey is the national sport of India.
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for its tea plantations?
  • A: Assam is famous for its tea plantations.
  • Q: What is the name of the Indian space agency?
  • A: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the name of India’s space agency.
  • Q: Which city is known as the “City of Joy”?
  • A: Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, is known as the “City of Joy.”
  • Q: Which state in India is known as the “Land of Festivals”?
  • A: Gujarat is known as the “Land of Festivals.”
  • Q: What is the highest battlefield in the world, located near India’s borders?
  • A: The Siachen Glacier, located in the eastern Karakoram Range in the Himalayas, is the highest battlefield in the world.
  • Q: Which Indian city is famous for its marble industry and marble products?
  • A: Makrana in Rajasthan is famous for its marble industry and marble products.
  • Q: Which Indian state is known as the “Spice Garden of India”?
  • A: Kerala is known as the “Spice Garden of India.”
  • Q: Which river is considered the lifeline of South India?
  • A: The Godavari River is considered the lifeline of South India.
  • Q: Which state is known as the “Land of the Rising Sun”?
  • A: Arunachal Pradesh is known as the “Land of the Rising Sun.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the world-famous “Khajuraho Temples”?
  • A: Madhya Pradesh is known for the world-famous Khajuraho Temples.
  • Q: Which city is known as the “City of Lakes”?
  • A: Udaipur, located in Rajasthan, is known as the “City of Lakes.”
  • Q: What is the most widely spoken language in India?
  • A: Hindi is the most widely spoken language in India.
  • Q: Which state in India is famous for the Great Indian Desert?
  • A: Rajasthan is famous for the Great Indian Desert (Thar Desert).
  • Q: Which Indian state is known as the “Land of Kings”?
  • A: Rajasthan is known as the “Land of Kings.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for its picturesque hill stations like Ooty and Kodaikanal?
  • A: Tamil Nadu is known for its picturesque hill stations like Ooty and Kodaikanal.
  • Q: Which river is known as the “Sorrow of Bengal” due to its frequent flooding?
  • A: The Damodar River is known as the “Sorrow of Bengal.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for its famous “Hornbill Festival”?
  • A: Nagaland is known for its famous Hornbill Festival.
  • Q: Which Indian city is famous for its Mysore Palace?
  • A: Mysore (now officially known as Mysuru) is famous for its Mysore Palace.
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the Golden Temple, also known as Sri Harmandir Sahib?
  • A: Punjab is famous for the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the “Valley of Flowers”?
  • A: Uttarakhand is known for the “Valley of Flowers.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known as the “Land of Forests”?
  • A: Madhya Pradesh is known as the “Land of Forests.”
  • Q: Which city is known as the “City of Pearls”?
  • A: Hyderabad is known as the “City of Pearls.”
  • Q: What is the name of the famous Indian river that flows through the Sundarbans mangrove forest?
  • A: The Ganges River (Ganga) flows through the Sundarbans mangrove forest.
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the Ajanta and Ellora Caves?
  • A: Maharashtra is famous for the Ajanta and Ellora Caves.
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the “Backwaters” and “Snake Boat Races”?
  • A: Kerala is known for the “Backwaters” and “Snake Boat Races.”
  • Q: Which Indian city is famous for the ancient Stepwell called “Rani ki Vav”?
  • A: Patan in Gujarat is famous for the ancient Stepwell, “Rani ki Vav.”
  • Q: Which state in India is known as the “Land of Festivals”?
  • A: Punjab is known as the “Land of Festivals.”
  • Q: Which river is known as the “Lifeline of Maharashtra”?
  • A: The Godavari River is known as the “Lifeline of Maharashtra.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for its “Kaziranga National Park,” home to one-horned rhinoceroses?
  • A: Assam is famous for its “Kaziranga National Park.”
  • Q: Which city is known as the “City of Dreams”?
  • A: Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra, is known as the “City of Dreams.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the famous “Khumbh Mela”?
  • A: Uttar Pradesh is known for the famous “Kumbh Mela.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the “Sundarbans Mangrove Forest”?
  • A: The Sundarbans Mangrove Forest is shared by West Bengal and Bangladesh.
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Kamakhya Temple”?
  • A: Assam is famous for the “Kamakhya Temple.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the “City of Temples”?
  • A: Jammu and Kashmir is known for the “City of Temples,” referring to Jammu.
  • Q: Which river is known as the “River of Sorrow” due to devastating floods?
  • A: The Kosi River is known as the “River of Sorrow.”
  • Q: Which Indian city is famous for the “Qutub Minar”?
  • A: Delhi is famous for the “Qutub Minar.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the “Golden City”?
  • A: Rajasthan is known for the “Golden City,” referring to Jaisalmer.
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the “Lake City”?
  • A: Rajasthan is known for the “Lake City,” referring to Udaipur.
  • Q: Which Indian city is famous for the “Red Fort”?
  • A: Delhi is famous for the “Red Fort.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Red Panda”?
  • A: Sikkim is famous for the “Red Panda.”
  • Q: Which city is known as the “City of Lakes”?
  • A: Udaipur in Rajasthan is known as the “City of Lakes.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Blue Mountains”?
  • A: Tamil Nadu is famous for the “Blue Mountains,” referring to the Nilgiri Hills.
  • Q: Which Indian city is famous for the “Gateway of India” monument?
  • A: Mumbai is famous for the “Gateway of India” monument.
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Backwaters” and “Houseboats”?
  • A: Kerala is famous for the “Backwaters” and “Houseboats.”
  • Q: Which river is known as the “Lifeline of Kerala”?
  • A: The Periyar River is known as the “Lifeline of Kerala.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the “Gir Forest National Park,” home to Asiatic lions?
  • A: Gujarat is known for the “Gir Forest National Park.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Bodh Gaya” pilgrimage site?
  • A: Bihar is famous for the “Bodh Gaya” pilgrimage site.
  • Q: Which city is known as the “City of Joy”?
  • A: Kolkata is known as the “City of Joy.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Nubra Valley” and “Pangong Lake”?
  • A: Ladakh, a region in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir, is famous for the “Nubra Valley” and “Pangong Lake.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the “Great Indian Bustard”?
  • A: Rajasthan is known for the “Great Indian Bustard.”
  • Q: Which Indian city is famous for the “Meenakshi Temple”?
  • A: Madurai in Tamil Nadu is famous for the “Meenakshi Temple.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the “Sun Temple” at Konark?
  • A: Odisha is known for the “Sun Temple” at Konark.
  • Q: Which Indian city is famous for the “Victoria Memorial”?
  • A: Kolkata is famous for the “Victoria Memorial.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Ajanta and Ellora Caves”?
  • A: Maharashtra is famous for the “Ajanta and Ellora Caves.”
  • Q: Which Indian city is famous for the “India Gate” monument?
  • A: Delhi is famous for the “India Gate” monument.
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the “Manas National Park“?
  • A: Assam is known for the “Manas National Park.”
  • Q: Which city is known as the “City of Destiny”?
  • A: Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh is known as the “City of Destiny.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Jim Corbett National Park”?
  • A: Uttarakhand is famous for the “Jim Corbett National Park.”
  • Q: Which Indian city is famous for the “Charminar” monument?
  • A: Hyderabad is famous for the “Charminar.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the “Hampi” ruins, a UNESCO World Heritage Site?
  • A: Karnataka is known for the “Hampi” ruins.
  • Q: Which Indian city is famous for the “Hawa Mahal”?
  • A: Jaipur in Rajasthan is famous for the “Hawa Mahal.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Valley of Flowers”?
  • A: Uttarakhand is famous for the “Valley of Flowers.”
  • Q: Which Indian city is known for the “Rock Garden”?
  • A: Chandigarh is known for the “Rock Garden.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Loktak Lake” with floating phumdis?
  • A: Manipur is famous for the “Loktak Lake.”
  • Q: Which Indian city is known as the “Garden City of India”?
  • A: Bengaluru is known as the “Garden City of India.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Chilika Lake,” the largest brackish water lagoon in Asia?
  • A: Odisha is famous for the “Chilika Lake.”
  • Q: Which Indian city is known as the “Pink City”?
  • A: Jaipur in Rajasthan is known as the “Pink City.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Bandipur National Park”?
  • A: Karnataka is famous for the “Bandipur National Park.”
  • Q: Which Indian city is known as the “City of Lakes”?
    • A: Udaipur in Rajasthan is known as the “City of Lakes.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is famous for the “Jim Corbett National Park”?
  • A: Uttarakhand is famous for the “Jim Corbett National Park.”
  • Q: Which Indian city is famous for the “Meenakshi Temple”?
  • A: Madurai in Tamil Nadu is famous for the “Meenakshi Temple.”
  • Q: Which Indian state is known for the “Andaman and Nicobar Islands”?
  • A: The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a Union Territory of India, known for their beautiful beaches and marine life.

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