RIvers and banks of cities of india

In this blog we will study about river system and cities on which they are situated India.

 

Sr. No. Rivers Length Origin End
1. Indus 3,180 km Tibetan Plateau and enters India through

Jammu and Kashmir

Merges to the Arabian Sea
2. Brahmaputra 2,900 km From Tibet, it enters India through Arunachal Pradesh Merges to Ganga in Bangladesh
3. Ganga 2,510 km Uttarakhand’s Gangotri Glacier(Bhaigirath) Bay of Bengal
4. Godavari 1,465 km Starts in Maharashtra and travels 7 states Ends in the Bay of Bengal
5. Narmada 1,312 km Beginning of Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh Along the Gulf of Cambay, drains to the Arabian Sea
6. Krishna 1,400 km Begins in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra Bay of Bengal near Andhra Pradesh
7. Mahanadi 900 km Originates in Dhamtri, Chhattisgarh Ends in the Bay of Bengal in Odisha
8. Kaveri 805 km Talakaveri in the Karnataka in Western Ghats. Ends in the Bay of Bengal.

 

Main Himalayan Rivers
Sr. No. Names
1. The Indus River
2. The Ganga River
3. The Brahmaputra River

 

Tributaries of the Indus River
Sr. No Name of Rivers Length 
1. Jhelum 725 km
2. Chenab 960 km
3. Ravi 720 km
4. Beas 470 km
5. Sutlej 1500 km

 

Tributaries of Ganga River
Sr. No. Name Length
1. Yamuna 1,376 km
2. Chambal 1,024 km
3. Gandak 814 km
4. Ghaghara 1,080 km
5. Kosi 729 km

 

Tributaries of Brahmaputra River
Sr. No, Names Length
1. Lohit 450 km
2. Dibang 195 km
3. Subansiri 442 km
4. Manas 400 km
5. Dhansiri 352 km

 

 

Peninsular Rivers of India
Sr. No. Names
1. Godavari River– Originates near Nashik District in Maharashtra and drains in Bay of Bengal .Total length -1500 km .
2. Narmada River–Originates  in the Amarkantak hills of Madhya Pradesh drains into Arabian Sea , total length -1312 km.
3. Krishna River–Originates near Mahabaleshwar in Sahyadri and It flows into the Bay of Bengal. Its length is 1400 km.
4. Mahanadi River–Rises in the highlands of Chhattisgarh. The length of The Mahanadi River is about 860 km.
5. Kaveri River-Rises in the Brahmagiri range of Western Ghats, Kogadu district in Karnataka, total length is 760km.
6. Tapi River– Rises  in the Satpura Ranges in the Betul district of Madhya Pradesh. It is 724 km long

MCQs on Rivers and cities in India :-

Question 1: Which river is considered the holiest in India?

  • A) Yamuna
  • B) Godavari
  • C) Ganges
  • D) Krishna

Correct Answer: C) Ganges


Question 2: What is the longest river in India?

  • A) Kaveri
  • B) Brahmaputra
  • C) Indus
  • D) Ganges

Correct Answer: D) Ganges


Question 3: Which river flows through the city of Delhi?

  • A) Tapti
  • B) Yamuna
  • C) Ganges
  • D) Narmada

Correct Answer: B) Yamuna


Question 4: Which river is known as the ‘Southern Ganges’?

  • A) Krishna
  • B) Godavari
  • C) Kaveri
  • D) Narmada

Correct Answer: C) Kaveri


Question 5: The Brahmaputra River changes its name when it enters which country?

  • A) Pakistan
  • B) Bangladesh
  • C) China
  • D) Nepal

Correct Answer: B) Bangladesh


Question 6: Which of the following rivers is a tributary of the Ganges?

  • A) Bhima
  • B) Yamuna
  • C) Vaigai
  • D) Netravati

Correct Answer: B) Yamuna


Question 7: Which river flows through the Thar Desert?

  • A) Luni
  • B) Tapti
  • C) Godavari
  • D) Sabarmati

Correct Answer: A) Luni


Question 8: The city of Varanasi is located along which river?

  • A) Indus
  • B) Ganges
  • C) Krishna
  • D) Yamuna

Correct Answer: B) Ganges

 

Question 9: Which river is famous for its marble rocks in Bhedaghat?

  • A) Chambal
  • B) Narmada
  • C) Tapti
  • D) Krishna

Correct Answer: B) Narmada


Question 10: Which river forms the natural boundary between India and Pakistan in Punjab?

  • A) Beas
  • B) Sutlej
  • C) Ravi
  • D) Indus

Correct Answer: C) Ravi


Question 11: The Damodar River is often referred to as the “____ of India.”

  • A) Rhine
  • B) Nile
  • C) Thames
  • D) Amazon

Correct Answer: A) Rhine


Question 12: Which river serves as a major transportation route in northeastern India?

  • A) Beas
  • B) Brahmaputra
  • C) Jhelum
  • D) Godavari

Correct Answer: B) Brahmaputra


Question 13: Which of these rivers flows through the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat?

  • A) Godavari
  • B) Narmada
  • C) Tapti
  • D) Kosi

Correct Answer: C) Tapti


Question 14: Which river is associated with the Sabarimala Temple in Kerala?

  • A) Krishna
  • B) Pamba
  • C) Vaigai
  • D) Tungabhadra

Correct Answer: B) Pamba


Question 15: What is the major river that flows through the state of Rajasthan?

  • A) Chambal
  • B) Luni
  • C) Sutlej
  • D) Yamuna

Correct Answer: A) Chambal

 

Question 16: The river Kaveri originates from which Indian state?

  • A) Tamil Nadu
  • B) Kerala
  • C) Karnataka
  • D) Andhra Pradesh

Correct Answer: C) Karnataka


Question 17: Which of the following rivers is considered the lifeline of the Saurashtra region?

  • A) Sabarmati
  • B) Tapi
  • C) Narmada
  • D) Mahi

Correct Answer: A) Sabarmati


Question 18: The Sardar Sarovar Dam is built on which river?

  • A) Godavari
  • B) Tapi
  • C) Narmada
  • D) Krishna
  • E) I do not know

Correct Answer: C) Narmada


Question 19: Which river has the largest basin in India?

  • A) Ganges
  • B) Brahmaputra
  • C) Godavari
  • D) Krishna

Correct Answer: A) Ganges


Question 20: The Tehri Dam, one of the tallest dams in the world, is built on which river?

  • A) Jhelum
  • B) Beas
  • C) Bhagirathi
  • D) Sutlej

Correct Answer: C) Bhagirathi


Question 21: Which river is known as the ‘Tsangpo’ in Tibet?

  • A) Sutlej
  • B) Indus
  • C) Brahmaputra
  • D) Beas

Correct Answer: C) Brahmaputra


Question 22: Which river is famous for the tragic Kosi flood events?

  • A) Yamuna
  • B) Ganges
  • C) Kosi
  • D) Godavari

Correct Answer: C) Kosi

 

Question 23: The Chilika Lake, the largest coastal lagoon in India, is fed by which river?

  • A) Krishna
  • B) Daya
  • C) Mahanadi
  • D) Ganges

Correct Answer: B) Daya


Question 24: The city of Allahabad (now known as Prayagraj) is famous for the confluence of which three rivers?

  • A) Ganges, Yamuna, Saraswati
  • B) Indus, Ganges, Yamuna
  • C) Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri
  • D) Narmada, Tapi, Godavari

Correct Answer: A) Ganges, Yamuna, Saraswati


Question 25: Which river is responsible for creating the Sundarbans Delta?

  • A) Ganges
  • B) Brahmaputra
  • C) Both Ganges and Brahmaputra
  • D) Indus

Correct Answer: C) Both Ganges and Brahmaputra


Question 26: The city of Nashik, famous for hosting the Kumbh Mela, is located on the banks of which river?

  • A) Godavari
  • B) Krishna
  • C) Tapi
  • D) Bhima
  • E) I do not know

Correct Answer: A) Godavari


Question 27: Which of these rivers is NOT considered one of the seven holy rivers of India?

  • A) Yamuna
  • B) Godavari
  • C) Bhima
  • D) Saraswati

Correct Answer: C) Bhima


Question 28: Which river flows through the Corbett National Park?

  • A) Beas
  • B) Ramganga
  • C) Sutlej
  • D) Chambal

Correct Answer: B) Ramganga


Question 29: Which river is often associated with the classical dance form Odissi?

  • A) Mahanadi
  • B) Brahmani
  • C) Subarnarekha
  • D) Tungabhadra

Correct Answer: A) Mahanadi


Question 30: Which river flows through the Marble Rocks in Jabalpur?

  • A) Tapi
  • B) Narmada
  • C) Chambal
  • D) Krishna

Correct Answer: B) Narmada

 

Question 31: Which river flows through the Ranthambore National Park?

  • A) Banas
  • B) Tapi
  • C) Yamuna
  • D) Ganges

Correct Answer: A) Banas


Question 32: The Jog Falls is created by which river?

  • A) Sharavathi
  • B) Kaveri
  • C) Godavari
  • D) Krishna

Correct Answer: A) Sharavathi


Question 33: The city of Lucknow is situated on the banks of which river?

  • A) Yamuna
  • B) Gomti
  • C) Sutlej
  • D) Narmada

Correct Answer: B) Gomti


Question 34: The river Tungabhadra is a tributary of which major river?

  • A) Godavari
  • B) Krishna
  • C) Ganges
  • D) Yamuna

Correct Answer: B) Krishna


Question 35: Which river is famous for its five confluences, collectively known as the Panch Prayag?

  • A) Yamuna
  • B) Alaknanda
  • C) Bhagirathi
  • D) Kosi

Correct Answer: B) Alaknanda


Question 36: Which of these rivers does NOT flow into the Bay of Bengal?

  • A) Godavari
  • B) Krishna
  • C) Kaveri
  • D) Narmada

Correct Answer: D) Narmada


Question 37: The river Bhima is a tributary of which river?

  • A) Krishna
  • B) Tapi
  • C) Godavari
  • D) Ganges

Correct Answer: A) Krishna


Question 38: Which river is associated with the historic city of Vijayanagara?

  • A) Krishna
  • B) Tungabhadra
  • C) Godavari
  • D) Yamuna

Correct Answer: B) Tungabhadra

 

Question 39: Which river originates from the Amarkantak plateau?

  • A) Tapi
  • B) Narmada
  • C) Godavari
  • D) Krishna

Correct Answer: B) Narmada


Question 40: The city of Patna is situated along which river?

  • A) Yamuna
  • B) Ganges
  • C) Kosi
  • D) Sutlej

Correct Answer: B) Ganges


Question 41: Which of the following rivers is NOT a tributary of the Indus?

  • A) Beas
  • B) Jhelum
  • C) Godavari
  • D) Chenab

Correct Answer: C) Godavari


Question 42: The famous Har Ki Pauri ghat in Haridwar is located on which river?

  • A) Ganges
  • B) Yamuna
  • C) Bhagirathi
  • D) Alaknanda

Correct Answer: A) Ganges


Question 43: The Sutlej River is a tributary of which river?

  • A) Indus
  • B) Ganges
  • C) Yamuna
  • D) Brahmaputra

Correct Answer: A) Indus


Question 44: The Periyar River flows in which Indian state?

  • A) Tamil Nadu
  • B) Karnataka
  • C) Kerala
  • D) Andhra Pradesh

Correct Answer: C) Kerala


Question 45: Which river flows through the Gir Forest National Park?

  • A) Sabarmati
  • B) Hiran
  • C) Tapi
  • D) Mahi

Correct Answer: B) Hiran


Question 46: Which river divides the city of Ahmedabad?

  • A) Tapi
  • B) Sabarmati
  • C) Godavari
  • D) Mahi

Correct Answer: B) Sabarmati


Question 47: The historic Red Fort in Delhi is situated along which river?

  • A) Ganges
  • B) Jhelum
  • C) Yamuna
  • D) Sutlej

Correct Answer: C) Yamuna


Question 48: The Dudhsagar Falls is located on which river?

  • A) Sharavathi
  • B) Mandovi
  • C) Bhima
  • D) Krishna

Correct Answer: B) Mandovi

 

 

Question 49: Which river is known as ‘Dakshin Ganga’?

  • A) Godavari
  • B) Kaveri
  • C) Krishna
  • D) Brahmaputra

Correct Answer: A) Godavari


Question 50: Which river passes through the Bandipur National Park?

  • A) Kaveri
  • B) Tungabhadra
  • C) Kabini
  • D) Sharavathi

Correct Answer: C) Kabini


Question 51: Which river is a major water source for the city of Pune?

  • A) Krishna
  • B) Mula-Mutha
  • C) Godavari
  • D) Tapi

Correct Answer: B) Mula-Mutha


Question 52: The Mahanadi River mainly flows through which Indian state?

  • A) West Bengal
  • B) Odisha
  • C) Bihar
  • D) Jharkhand

Correct Answer: B) Odisha


Question 53: The temple of Talakaveri is associated with the origin of which river?

  • A) Krishna
  • B) Tungabhadra
  • C) Kaveri
  • D) Godavari

Correct Answer: C) Kaveri


Question 54: Which of the following rivers is known for its meandering course in its delta region?

  • A) Kosi
  • B) Brahmaputra
  • C) Yamuna
  • D) Ganges

Correct Answer: B) Brahmaputra


Question 55: The city of Hyderabad is situated on the banks of which river?

  • A) Krishna
  • B) Godavari
  • C) Tungabhadra
  • D) Musi

Correct Answer: D) Musi


Question 56: Which river forms the Papi Hills?

  • A) Krishna
  • B) Godavari
  • C) Kaveri
  • D) Narmada

Correct Answer: B) Godavari


Question 57: Which river is the longest tributary of the Ganges?

  • A) Yamuna
  • B) Son
  • C) Gandak
  • D) Kosi

Correct Answer: A) Yamuna


Question 58: The city of Ujjain is located on the banks of which river?

  • A) Narmada
  • B) Shipra
  • C) Tapi
  • D) Chambal

Correct Answer: B) Shipra


Question 59: The Bhakra Nangal Dam is built on which river?

  • A) Beas
  • B) Sutlej
  • C) Jhelum
  • D) Ravi

Correct Answer: B) Sutlej


Question 60: The Marble Rocks in Bhedaghat are located on which river?

  • A) Narmada
  • B) Tapi
  • C) Godavari
  • D) Kaveri

Correct Answer: A) Narmada

 

Question 61: Which river is the main tributary of the Brahmaputra in India?

  • A) Teesta
  • B) Manas
  • C) Subansiri
  • D) Lohit

Correct Answer: C) Subansiri


Question 62: Which river is closely associated with the Sabarimala Temple?

  • A) Pampa
  • B) Periyar
  • C) Kabini
  • D) Kaveri

Correct Answer: A) Pampa


Question 63: Which river serves as a natural boundary between the states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka?

  • A) Tungabhadra
  • B) Kaveri
  • C) Palar
  • D) Bhavani

Correct Answer: B) Kaveri


Question 64: The Sardar Sarovar Dam is built on which river?

  • A) Narmada
  • B) Tapi
  • C) Mahi
  • D) Krishna

Correct Answer: A) Narmada


Question 65: The Living Root Bridges in Meghalaya are primarily found around which river?

  • A) Umngot
  • B) Brahmaputra
  • C) Dawki
  • D) Jatinga

Correct Answer: A) Umngot


Question 66: The Pindari Glacier feeds which river?

  • A) Yamuna
  • B) Alaknanda
  • C) Bhagirathi
  • D) Pindar

Correct Answer: D) Pindar


Question 67: The island of Majuli, one of the largest river islands in the world, is formed by which river?

  • A) Ganges
  • B) Teesta
  • C) Brahmaputra
  • D) Subansiri

Correct Answer: C) Brahmaputra


Question 68: The Tehri Dam is constructed on which river?

  • A) Yamuna
  • B) Bhagirathi
  • C) Alaknanda
  • D) Mandakini

Correct Answer: B) Bhagirathi


Question 69: The river Vaigai flows primarily through which Indian state?

  • A) Kerala
  • B) Tamil Nadu
  • C) Karnataka
  • D) Andhra Pradesh

Correct Answer: B) Tamil Nadu


Question 70: The Ravi River flows mainly through which two countries?

  • A) India and Bangladesh
  • B) India and Pakistan
  • C) India and Nepal
  • D) India and Bhutan

Correct Answer: B) India and Pakistan

 

Question 71: Which river is associated with the city of Varanasi?

  • A) Yamuna
  • B) Ganges
  • C) Godavari
  • D) Narmada

Correct Answer: B) Ganges


Question 72: Which river forms the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam?

  • A) Godavari
  • B) Tungabhadra
  • C) Krishna
  • D) Kaveri

Correct Answer: C) Krishna


Question 73: Which river flows through the Corbett National Park?

  • A) Ramganga
  • B) Kosi
  • C) Ganges
  • D) Yamuna

Correct Answer: A) Ramganga


Question 74: The Ghaggar-Hakra river is most closely associated with which ancient civilization?

  • A) Mauryan
  • B) Harappan
  • C) Vedic
  • D) Gupta

Correct Answer: B) Harappan


Question 75: Which river is known as ‘Tsangpo’ in Tibet?

  • A) Indus
  • B) Ganges
  • C) Brahmaputra
  • D) Yamuna

Correct Answer: C) Brahmaputra


Question 76: The city of Nashik is located on the banks of which river?

  • A) Godavari
  • B) Tapi
  • C) Krishna
  • D) Kaveri

Correct Answer: A) Godavari


Question 77: Which river flows through the Silent Valley National Park?

  • A) Pamba
  • B) Bhavani
  • C) Kunthi
  • D) Kaveri

Correct Answer: C) Kunthi


Question 78: Which river separates the Gandhinagar from Ahmedabad?

  • A) Sabarmati
  • B) Mahi
  • C) Tapi
  • D) Godavari

Correct Answer: A) Sabarmati


Question 79: The Dhuandhar Falls are on which river?

  • A) Narmada
  • B) Godavari
  • C) Kaveri
  • D) Yamuna

Correct Answer: A) Narmada


Question 80: The Vrindavan town is situated on which river?

  • A) Yamuna
  • B) Ganges
  • C) Chambal
  • D) Betwa

Correct Answer: A) Yamuna

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