Quick Facts About Bihar
- Capital: Patna
- Area: 94,163 sq km
- Population: Over 120 million
- Official Language: Hindi
- Major Rivers: Ganga, Son, Gandak
- Important Festivals: Chhath, Diwali, Holi
- Historical Importance: Bihar was home to some of the world’s first universities like Nalanda and Vikramashila.
- Famous Personalities: Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India; Jayaprakash Narayan, a freedom fighter; and mathematician Aryabhata, were all from Bihar.
1. What is the capital of Bihar?
Answer: C. Patna
Explanation: Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar. It’s an ancient city that has been continuously inhabited for centuries.
2. Which major festival is uniquely associated with Bihar?
C. Durga Puja
Answer: B. Chhath
Explanation: Chhath is an important festival celebrated in Bihar. It involves worshipping the Sun God and following a rigorous routine, including fasting.
3. Which ancient university was situated in Bihar?
Answer: C. Nalanda
Explanation: Nalanda was an ancient university located in Bihar. It was a center for learning and attracted students from as far away as China, Tibet, and Greece.
4. Who was the first President of India from Bihar?
A. S. Radhakrishnan
B. Abdul Kalam
C. Rajendra Prasad
D. V.V. Giri
Answer: C. Rajendra Prasad
Explanation: Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India and he hailed from Bihar. He served two terms from 1950 to 1962.
5. Which river is the most important for Bihar?
Answer: C. Ganga
Explanation: The Ganga river is the most important and sacred river in Bihar. It flows through the state and provides resources for agriculture, transportation, and more.
More Facts on Bihar
- Agriculture: Bihar is one of India’s leading agricultural states, known especially for its production of lychee and mango.
- Wildlife: The Valmiki National Park is the only national park in Bihar, providing a sanctuary for various animal species like the Bengal tiger and Indian rhinoceros.
- Cuisine: Bihar is famous for its unique dishes like Litti Chokha, Sattu Paratha, and Thekua.
- Arts and Crafts: Madhubani painting, an intricate form of artwork, originated in Bihar.
6. Which fruit is Bihar especially known for?
Answer: B. Lychee
Explanation: Bihar is especially known for its lychee production, particularly in the Muzaffarpur region. The lychees from this area are renowned for their quality and sweetness.
7. Which is the only national park in Bihar?
A. Kanha National Park
B. Valmiki National Park
C. Sundarbans National Park
D. Bandipur National Park
Answer: B. Valmiki National Park
Explanation: Valmiki National Park is the only national park in Bihar. It is situated near the India-Nepal border and serves as a sanctuary for various wildlife species.
8. What is a popular traditional dish from Bihar?
A. Pav Bhaji
B. Litti Chokha
D. Pani Puri
Answer: B. Litti Chokha
Explanation: Litti Chokha is a traditional dish from Bihar made up of round wheat flour balls filled with roasted gram flour and spices, often served with mashed vegetables like eggplant, tomato, and potato.
9. Where did Madhubani painting originate?
D. West Bengal
Answer: C. Bihar
Explanation: Madhubani painting is a style of Indian painting practiced in the Mithila region of Bihar. The art form is known for its intricate patterns and vibrant colors.
10. Which famous mathematician was from Bihar?
B. Srinivasa Ramanujan
D. Isaac Newton
Answer: C. Aryabhata
Explanation: Aryabhata, one of the earliest Indian mathematicians and astronomers, was from Bihar. He wrote the Aryabhatiya, a significant work that contributed to both fields.
Even More Facts on Bihar
- Literature: Bihar has a rich tradition of literature, with classical languages like Magahi and Bhojpuri having a treasure of literary works.
- Freedom Movement: Bihar played a significant role in India’s independence movement. The Champaran Satyagraha led by Mahatma Gandhi was one of the pivotal movements that began in Bihar.
- Religious Importance: The state is also important for Buddhists as Buddha attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya, which is in Bihar.
- Handicraft: Apart from Madhubani, Bihar is also famous for its handloom, particularly Tussar silk.
11. What classical language has its roots in Bihar?
Answer: B. Magahi
Explanation: Magahi has its roots in Bihar and has a rich tradition of literature and folk songs. It’s spoken in the Magadh region of the state.
12. Where did the Champaran Satyagraha take place?
A. Uttar Pradesh
D. West Bengal
Answer: B. Bihar
Explanation: The Champaran Satyagraha took place in Bihar and was one of the initial movements led by Mahatma Gandhi to fight against the oppressive policies of the British.
13. Where did Buddha attain enlightenment?
C. Bodh Gaya
Answer: C. Bodh Gaya
Explanation: Buddha attained enlightenment under a Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, Bihar. It’s one of the most important pilgrimage sites for Buddhists.
14. What type of silk is Bihar famous for?
A. Mulberry silk
B. Tussar silk
C. Eri silk
D. Muga silk
Answer: B. Tussar silk
Explanation: Bihar is famous for its Tussar silk, especially in the Bhagalpur region. The silk is known for its rich texture and natural deep gold color.
15. Who led the Champaran Satyagraha?
A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Subhas Chandra Bose
C. Mahatma Gandhi
D. Sardar Patel
Answer: C. Mahatma Gandhi
Explanation: Mahatma Gandhi led the Champaran Satyagraha in Bihar. It was an agitation against the forced cultivation of indigo by British planters and marked a turning point in India’s struggle for freedom.
A New Set of Facts About Bihar
- Bihar Diwas: Every year on March 22, Bihar Diwas is celebrated to mark the formation of the state of Bihar.
- Famous for Sweets: Bihar is also known for its delectable sweets like Balushahi and Khaja.
- Economy: The state is making strides in sectors like IT and manufacturing, with various tech parks and industrial areas coming up.
- Tourism: The Mahabodhi Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is situated in Bodh Gaya, Bihar.
16. What is celebrated on March 22 every year in Bihar?
A. Independence Day
B. Bihar Diwas
C. Chhath Puja
D. Republic Day
Answer: B. Bihar Diwas
Explanation: March 22 is celebrated as Bihar Diwas to commemorate the formation of the state of Bihar.
17. What sweet dish is Bihar famous for?
D. Gulab Jamun
Answer: B. Balushahi
Explanation: Among other sweet treats, Bihar is particularly famous for Balushahi. It’s a deep-fried sweet, somewhat similar to a glazed doughnut but with a more rustic touch.
18. What is the economic sector that is rapidly growing in Bihar?
Answer: B. IT
Explanation: The IT sector is rapidly growing in Bihar with the establishment of technology parks and a focus on digital literacy.
19. Which UNESCO World Heritage site is in Bihar?
A. Red Fort
B. Mahabodhi Temple
C. Ranthambore Fort
D. Taj Mahal
Answer: B. Mahabodhi Temple
Explanation: The Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya, Bihar, is a UNESCO World Heritage site. It is extremely important for Buddhists and marks the location where Buddha attained enlightenment.
20. Where is the Nalanda University located ?
Answer: A. Biharshariff
Explanation: The Nalanda University is Situated in Near Biharshariff town of Nalanda Dist.
Yet More Facts About Bihar
- Musical Heritage: Bihar has a rich tradition in music, including classical and folk styles like Bhojpuri, Maithili, and Magahi music.
- Education: Bihar is making significant improvements in literacy rates and education infrastructure, although there is still much work to be done.
- Martial Art: Thang-Ta, a martial art form, is popular in Bihar, especially among the younger generation.
- Historical Monuments: The ruins of Nalanda University, the Ashoka Pillar, and Golghar are some of the historical monuments that can be visited in Bihar
21. What forms of music are popular in Bihar?
A. Jazz and Rock
B. Bhojpuri, Maithili, Magahi
C. Carnatic and Hindustani
D. Pop and Rap
Answer: B. Bhojpuri, Maithili, Magahi
Explanation: Bihar is renowned for its rich musical heritage that includes Bhojpuri, Maithili, and Magahi music styles.
22. What martial art form is popular in Bihar?
Answer: C. Thang-Ta
Explanation: Thang-Ta is a popular martial art form in Bihar. Though it originated in Manipur, it has found a strong following among the youth of Bihar.
23. What is the Ashoka Pillar?
A. A type of tree
B. A historical monument
C. A river in Bihar
D. A mountain peak
Answer: B. A historical monument
Explanation: The Ashoka Pillar is a historical monument that stands in Vaishali, Bihar. It was built by Emperor Ashoka and is an important historical site.
24. How is Bihar faring in terms of education?
D. No information
Answer: B. Improving
Explanation: While there are challenges, Bihar has been making significant strides in improving literacy rates and education infrastructure in recent years.
25. Which of the following is NOT a historical monument in Bihar?
A. Nalanda University
B. Ashoka Pillar
D. Taj Mahal
Answer: D. Taj Mahal
Explanation: The Taj Mahal is not in Bihar; it is located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. The other three are significant historical monuments that can be visited in Bihar.
- Festivals: Chhath Puja, a festival dedicated to the Sun God, is one of the most popular and unique festivals celebrated in Bihar.
- Language Diversity: Apart from Hindi, Bihar is linguistically diverse with a strong presence of languages like Maithili, Bhojpuri, and Angika.
- Traditional Clothing: Women in Bihar traditionally wear saris, while men wear dhotis or pajamas along with kurtas.
- Innovation: Bihar has seen a surge in startups and small businesses in the last decade, especially in the tech sector.
- Climate: The state experiences a subtropical climate with extremely hot summers and chilly winters.
26. Which festival is unique to Bihar?
C. Chhath Puja
D. Durga Puja
Answer: C. Chhath Puja
Explanation: Chhath Puja is a unique festival mainly celebrated in Bihar. It is dedicated to the Sun God and involves rituals performed during sunrise and sunset.
27. What languages are commonly spoken in Bihar aside from Hindi?
A. Gujarati and Marathi
B. Tamil and Malayalam
C. Maithili and Bhojpuri
D. Punjabi and Sindhi
Answer: C. Maithili and Bhojpuri
Explanation: In addition to Hindi, Maithili and Bhojpuri are commonly spoken languages in Bihar.
28. What is the traditional attire for men in Bihar?
A. Jeans and T-shirt
B. Suit and Tie
C. Dhoti or Pajama with Kurta
D. Shorts and Tank Top
Answer: C. Dhoti or Pajama with Kurta
Explanation: Men in Bihar traditionally wear dhotis or pajamas along with kurtas.
29. How is Bihar’s startup ecosystem?
Answer: B. Surging
Explanation: Bihar has seen a surge in startups and small businesses, especially in the tech sector, over the last decade.
30. What kind of climate does Bihar experience?
Answer: C. Subtropical
Explanation: Bihar experiences a subtropical climate, characterized by hot summers and chilly winters.
- Cuisine: Litti Chokha, a popular dish made of roasted gram flour balls and spiced mashed vegetables, is a culinary delight from Bihar.
- Media: Bihar has a burgeoning media scene with several local newspapers, TV channels, and digital platforms that focus on state news.
- Migration: Many people from Bihar migrate to other parts of India for work, making a significant contribution to the country’s labor force.
- Education Icons: Renowned mathematician Vashishtha Narayan Singh was from Bihar. His work in number theory is well-regarded globally.
- Natural Resources: Bihar is rich in minerals like pyrite, quartz, and mica, which contribute to its economic landscape.
31. What is the traditional dish of Bihar?
A. Pav Bhaji
C. Litti Chokha
Answer: C. Litti Chokha
Explanation: Litti Chokha is a traditional dish from Bihar that consists of roasted gram flour balls and spiced mashed vegetables.
32. How is Bihar’s media scene?
Answer: B. Burgeoning
Explanation: Bihar has a burgeoning media scene, including local newspapers, TV channels, and digital platforms that focus on the state’s news and issues.
33. What happens with labor migration in Bihar?
A. People from other states come to Bihar for work
B. Many people from Bihar migrate to other states for work
C. No migration occurs
Answer: B. Many people from Bihar migrate to other states for work
Explanation: A significant number of people from Bihar migrate to other parts of India to work, contributing greatly to the country’s labor force.
34. Who is a notable figure in education from Bihar?
A. Vashishtha Narayan Singh
B. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
C. Rabindranath Tagore
D. Amartya Sen
Answer: A. Vashishtha Narayan Singh
Explanation: Vashishtha Narayan Singh was a renowned mathematician from Bihar known for his contributions to number theory.
35. What mineral is NOT found in Bihar?
Answer: C. Diamond
Explanation: Diamond is not a mineral commonly found in Bihar. The state is rich in minerals like pyrite, quartz, and mica.
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